Evaluation and Assessment

Research Findings
Research Findings
Click on a resource title below to view the full resource description, including a link to the actual resource. Resources in the blue box highlight key resources in this topic area.

PDF Icon 2011 Indicators of School Crime and Safety
The 2011 Indicators of School Crime and Safety, provides the most recent national indicators on school crime and safety. The information presented in this report is intended to serve as a reference for policymakers and practitioners so that they can ...

Website Icon Bullying in Schools: An Overview
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency (OJJDP) produces a Bullying in Schools bulletin series that summarizes findings from OJJDP-funded research on peer victimitization. In this edition, researchers from the National Center for School ...

PDF Icon Bullying Surveillance among Youths
Bullying Surveillance among Youths: Uniform Definitions for Public Health and Recommended Data Elements is designed as a tool to help researchers/evaluators, educators, public health officals and others gather systematic data on bullying to better ...

PDF Icon California Healthy Students Research Project Brief on Bullying as Barrier to Academic Achievement
Examines the effect of bullying on academic performance across middle school grades. According to the study, bullying can account for up to an average 1.5 letter grade decrease in an academic subject. Topics include: scope of the problem; ...

Website Icon Common Sense Media Curriculum - Administrators, Teachers, Counselors
Go way beyond Internet safety! Turn students into great digital citizens. Get all the tools you need with this FREE Digital Literacy and Citizenship Curriculum and Parent Media Education Program. The relevant, ready-to-use instruction helps you ...

Website Icon Consequences of Bullying - Webinar
Dr. Tracy Vaillancourt, a member of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Committee on the Biological and Psychosocial Effects of Peer Victimization: Lessons for Bullying Prevention shares a new report, Preventing Bullying ...

PDF Icon Cyberbullying Research Summary - Cyberbullying & Self-Esteem
A research brief discussing the relationship between cyberbullying and self-esteem. Includes definitions, highlights from the research and more.

Website Icon Enhancing Child Safety & Online Technologies
Final report of the Internet Safety Technical Task Force to the Multi-State working group on Social Networking of the State Attorney Generals of the United States. Many youth in the United States have fully integrated the Internet into their daily ...

PDF Icon Findings from the NEA's Nationwide Study of Bullying
This study of staff members' perceptions of bullying from the National Education Association represents the first large-scale nationwide study examining different staff members' perspectives on bullying and bullying prevention efforts. It is the ...

PDF Icon Four Decades of Research on School Bullying: An Introduction
An overview of findings from the past 40 years of research on bullying among school-aged children and youth. Research on definitional and assessment issues in studying bullying and victimization is reviewed, and data on prevalence rates, ...

Website Icon Growing Up LGBTQ in America
Survey of LGBT Youth Highlights Quality of Life Factors: The Human Rights Campaign recently released “Growing Up LGBT in America,” a study of 10,000 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) young people and straight youth ages 13-17. The study ...

PDF Icon Guiding Principles – A Resource Guide for Improving School Climate and Discipline
Published by the U.S. Department of Education, this resource guide draws from emerging research and best practices to describe three key principles and related action steps to assist states, school districts, charter school operators, school ...

Website Icon Institute of Education Science - National Center for Education Evaluation
This study tested 51 characteristics of bullying victimization, bullying victims, and bullying victims schools to determine which were associated with reporting to school officials. It found that 11characteristics in two categoriesbullying ...

PDF Icon Issues & Answers: What characteristics of bullying, bullying victims, and schools are associated with increased reporting of bullying to officials?
This study tested 51 characteristics of bullying victimization, bullying victims, and bullying victims schools to determine which were associated with reporting to school officials. It found that 11characteristics in two categoriesbullying ...

Website Icon Olweus Bullying Prevention Program
The Olweus Bullying Prevention Program (OBPP) is a school-wide program designed to improve peer relations to prevent and/or reduce bullying in the elementary and junior high school setting. OBPP has also been adapted successfully for high school ...

Website Icon Preventing Bullying Through Science, Policy and Practice 2016 - NEW!
Bullying behavior is a major public health problem demanding the concerted and coordinated time and attention of parents, educators/administrators, health care providers, policymakers, and others concerned with the care of children. Preventing ...

PDF Icon Racial & Ethnic Differences in School Performance, Engagement, Safety and Supports
A factsheet describing how 17 school-based CHKS indicators covering these areas differed significantly across eight racial/ethnic groups of secondary students. Overall, White and Asian students reported the most positive outcomes, and ...

Website Icon Steps to Respect: Bullying Prevention for Elementary School
Bullying prevention program for 3rd-6th grade. Training encompasses all staff, including a family overview session. Staff assess current practices and implement strategies to increase awareness and responsiveness, help students victimized by ...

PDF Icon Students Who Contemplate Suicide, 2009-10
This CHKS factsheet summarizes the characteristics of 9th and 11th graders who responded "yes" to the question, "During the past 12 months did you ever seriously consider attempting suicide?" on the 2009-2010 California Healthy Kids Survey. Student ...

PDF Icon Trends in Adolescent Online Social Networking
In 2006, researchers Patchin and Hinduja conducted an extensive content analysis of over 2300 randomly-sampled adolescent MySpace profile pages to determine the extent to which youth were posting personal information and publicly expressing or ...

PDF Icon Understanding the Psychology of Bullying
With growing recognition that bullying is a complex phenomenon, influenced by multiple factors, research findings to date have been understood within a social-ecological framework. Recognizing the fluid and dynamic nature of involvement in ...

PDF Icon USDE - Analysis of State Bullying Laws and Policies
Bullying in schools has become widely viewed as an urgent social, health and education concern that moved to the forefront of public debate on school legislation and policy. In August 2010, the U.S. Departments of Education and Health and ...

Website Icon American Educational Research Association - Research File: Bullying Prevention & School Safety
School safety, including the prevention of bullying, is a top national priority and a key area of academic research. In recent years, AERA and its journals have examined many aspects of bullying and school safety. This compendium of articles ...

PDF Icon Bias-Related Harassment among California Students
A factsheet using CHKS data to analyze the prevalence of harassment in California Schools, and correlate that harassment with a variety of other behaviors. Results indicate that in addition to the negative physical and mental effects of harassment ...

Website Icon Building Skills
Building Skills is a 12-lesson, classroom-based social development curriculum specifically created for use with high-risk students in the 5th grade. The curriculum focuses on high risk students and their ability to deal appropriately with negative ...

Website Icon Bully-Proofing Your School - BPYS
BPYS is a nationally recognized comprehensive school safety program. Designed for handling bully/victim problems through the creation of a caring majority of students trained to take the lead in establishing and maintaining a safe and caring ...

PDF Icon Bullying Explains Only Part of LGBTQ-Heterosexual Risk Disparities: Implications for Policy and Practice
Students who identify as LGBTQ experience higher rates of victimization by bullying than do their heterosexual-identified peers. The article investigates the extent to which this difference in rates of victimization can explain LGBTQ youths ...

PDF Icon Bullying, Cyberbullying and Sexual Orientation
Bullying that specifically targets youth and young adults based on their sexual orientation has gained significant attention in recent months. Researchers, Hinduja and Patchin present this fact sheet that summarizes their findings.

Website Icon California Department of Education School Safety Resources
The California Department of Education's Safe Schools web page offers a list of available training opportunities, resources and technical assistance to help establish school/community environments that are physically and emotionally safe, well ...

Website Icon California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare
This site provides information related to selected child welfare programs. Programs featured on the site are being used in California to promote child and family well-being. Resources are listed by topic areas including behavior management, parent ...

Website Icon California Healthy Kids Survey
A California statewide survey of resiliency, protective factors and risk behaviors of students in grades 5, 7, 9 and 11. The survey features three main domains: Physical Health, Safety and Social Emotional Health. Data is collected for each domain ...

PDF Icon California State Auditor Report: School Safety and Non-discrimination Laws
California has enacted laws related to discrimination, harassment, and bullying that in some cases go beyond the protections offered by federal law. As requested by the Joint Legislative Audit Committee, the California State Auditor prepared ...

Website Icon Care, Assess, Respond, Empower - CARE
CARE (Care, Assess, Respond, Empower) is a computer-assisted suicide assessment interview, Measure of Adolescent Potential for Suicide (MAPS), followed by a 2-hour motivational counseling and social support intervention. Counseling is conducted by a ...

Website Icon Caring School Community (CSC)
A key feature of this universal K-6 school climate program is the school-wide implementation of the model. CSC focuses on strengthening students’ connectedness to school thereby increasing academic motivation and achievement and reducing drug use, ...

Website Icon Center for Safe Schools
A statewide clearinghouse for educators, law enforcement, parents and others on school safety and youth violence prevention. Located in Pennsylvania, it is one of 20 Statewide School Safety Centers in the nation. CSC offerings include professional ...

Website Icon Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV)
Housed at the University of Colorado Boulder, the CSPV disseminates information/resources, offers technical assistance and conducts research related to understanding and preventing violence, particularly adolescent violence. The website provides a ...

Website Icon Community Action Planning: "Building Prevention and Response Training Module"
These Bullying Prevention Training Module materials are designed to support community and school efforts in the presentation of research-based resources that can help lead bullying prevention efforts. Slides help present the latest information and ...

PDF Icon Cyberbullying and Strain
A Research Summary factsheet from the Cyberbullying Research Center providing insight on a current study using a popular contemporary criminological theory-general strain theory (GST)- to contribute to what is known about the factors associated with ...

PDF Icon Cyberbullying and Suicide
A factsheet summarizing recent research involving approx. 2,000 randomly-selected middle-schoolers from one of the most populous school districts in the U.S. Includes results, discussion and highlights from the research.

Website Icon Direct From the Field: A Guide to Bullying Prevention
Developed as a joint project of three state agencies in Massachusetts, Direct from the Field was designed to assist educators in creating a bullying prevention program to meet the unique needs of their respective communities. The Guide includes ...

PDF Icon Electronic Media and Youth Violence - A CDC Issue Brief for Researchers
Electronic media play an integral role in the lives of all people. The rapid evolution of technology in various forms has significantly influenced the way people live and interact. These new technologies have become mainstay for how people, ...

Website Icon Embrace Civility in the Digital Age
A website addressing youth well-being and risk in the digital age in a manner that promotes positive norms, increases effective skills and resiliency, and encourages young people to be helpful allies who positively intervene when they witness peers ...

Website Icon Foundations Recovery Network: Research Outcomes
Foundations Recovery Networks mission is to be the leader in evidence-based integrated treatment for co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders through clinical services, education and research. Their publications provide important ...

Website Icon Gateway Drugs: How Does Addiction Start? Implications for Bullying Behavior
This article provides a comprehensive overview of the concept of gateway drugs put together by the drug abuse and treatment experts at Foundations Recovery Network. With over 23 research citations and visual aids, the guide is both comprehensive ...

PDF Icon Hamilton Fish Institute: The 411 on Bullying
The Hamilton Fish Institute compiled this comprehensive research-based document on the topic of bullying. Starting with the basic 4-1-1 that includes a definition, normal conflict vs. bullying behaviors, common examples and types of bullies and ...

PDF Icon Harassment Among California Students, 2006-2008
This factsheet provides current and expanded data on harassment among California students in 2006-08. The results suggest little if any progress has been made in reducing harassment, especially for race/ethnicity, among California secondary ...

Website Icon Implementation Research: A Synthesis of the Literature
A full research monograph of work by the Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute, University of South Florida. In this document you will find a detailed summary of the science of implementation. The study of the findings of research ...

PDF Icon Indicators of School Crime and Safety - 2010
Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2010 provides the most recent national indicators on school crime and safety. The information presented in this report is intended to serve as a reference for policymakers and practitioners so that they can ...

Website Icon Lions Quest Skills for Adolescence
A comprehensive life skills program designed for schoolwide and classroom implementation for grades 6-8 (ages 10-14). The program employs a variety of instructional strategies, including inquiry, discussion and group work. Eighty 45-minute ...

Website Icon National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)
The National Child Traumatic Stress Network was established to improve access to care, treatment, and services for traumatized children and adolescents exposed to traumatic events. NCTSNs collaboration of frontline providers, researchers, and ...

Website Icon One Circle Foundation
The One Circle Foundation assists communities and agencies in recognizing and reporting abuse and neglect; development of school based support systems for mandated reporters and creating public service announcements. The organization is dedicated ...

Website Icon Positive Behavioral Interventions & Supports (PBIS)
Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a framework for achieving improved academic and behavioral outcomes for all students. It guides intervention at the school and district level by a structure to support the adults and students ...

Website Icon Project Cornerstone
A YMCA of Silicon Valley initiative offering programs for students, teachers/staff and parents/caregivers to prevent bullying and promote a positive school climate/culture. Student workshops address consequences of bullying and how to identify and ...

PDF Icon Research Brief: Students’ Perspective on Cyber Bullying
The study aims to gain a better understanding of the impact of cyberbullying on students and the possible need for prevention messages targeting students, educators and parents. Over 125 middle/high school students were interviewed during focus ...

Website Icon Ripple Effects Whole Spectrum Intervention System
A computer-based program for students that has 140 topics for 6-12 year olds and 390 topics for 13-17 year olds. Topics can be customized for the individual student and address social-emotional competencies such as assertiveness, decision-making, ...

Website Icon Roots of Empathy (ROE) - Anti-Bullying Program
Roots of Empathy (ROE) is an evidence-based classroom program with significant effect in reducing levels of aggression among school children while raising social/emotional competence and increasing empathy. This anti-bullying program starts as ...

Website Icon Safe Communities ~ Safe Schools Pre-Planning Assessment Handbook
The Handbook is intended to aid school-community planning teams in identifying areas of strength and weakness that could affect school and community safety. Includes instructions, scoring sheets and the following checklists: Parent/Community ...

Website Icon Safe School Ambassadors Program
The Safe School Ambassadors (SSA) program is an "inside-out" approach to improving school climate, that relies on social norms change and the power of students to help stop bullying and violence. Student bystanders are a critical and under-utilized ...

Website Icon Striving To Reduce Youth Violence Everywhere - STRYVE
STRYVE is a national initiative led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to prevent youth violence before it starts among young people ages 10 to 24. STRYVEs vision supports the notion of safe and healthy youth who can achieve ...

PDF Icon Students Who Report Chronic Sadness, 2006-08
A factsheet summarizing the characteristics of 7th and 9th graders who reported chronic sadness/hopelessness on the 2006-2008 California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS). Three in ten secondary students report that, in the previous 12 months, they felt so ...

Website Icon Suicide Is Preventable
Know the warning signs for suicide and how to have a direct conversation with someone who may be in crisis. But don't keep this important information to yourself. Help educate others by sharing this website with friends, family and loved ones ...

PDF Icon The Effects of Adolescent Health-Related Behaviors on Academic Performance
An investigation of longitudinal literature on the effects of the most predominant health-related behaviors including alcohol/marijuana use and bullying on adolescent academic performance. Thirty studies dating back to 1992 were retrieved from the ...

Website Icon The Fourth R - Strategies for Healthy Youth Relationships
Skills for Youth Relationships is a curriculum for students in 8th and 9th grades designed to promote healthy and safe behaviors related to dating, bullying, sexuality and substance use. Based on social learning theory and grounded in stages of ...

Website Icon The National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments
Schools and communities across the U.S. are contending with many factors that affect conditions for learning, such as bullying, harassment, violence and substance abuse. The National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments (NCSSLE) is ...

Website Icon Too Good for Violence
Too Good for Violence K-12 is a universal, violence prevention and character education program that teaches character-based skills, attitudes, and behaviors to help students: differentiate between feelings and actions, encourage respect between ...

Website Icon UCLA School Mental Health Project
The UCLA Center for Mental Health in Schools offers a number of resources and tools as well as a program clearinghouse and publications to support schools in creating environments for social emotional wellness and academic success. Use the website's ...

PDF Icon Youth Suicide and Self-Harm Prevention: 2017 Resource Guide
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for U.S. children and youth ages 10 through 24. This guide divides selected resources into seven main sections including evidence-based practices and program planning. There are several notable ...

Website Icon Youth Suicide Prevention and Student Mental Wellness Series Online Courses
Developed with support from the California Mental Health Services Authority (CalMHSA) for the Region 11 K-12 Student Mental Health Initiative, these no-cost course modules are designed for teachers, administrators, nurses, and district and school ...