About Bullying

Research Findings
Research Findings
Click on a resource title below to view the full resource description, including a link to the actual resource. Resources in the blue box highlight key resources in this topic area.

PDF Icon 2011 Indicators of School Crime and Safety
The 2011 Indicators of School Crime and Safety, provides the most recent national indicators on school crime and safety. The information presented in this report is intended to serve as a reference for policymakers and practitioners so that they can ...

Website Icon Assuring Safe Schools for All Students: Addressing Gender-Based Bullying in Schools
This webinar is targeted for a variety of adult audiences in K-12 settings. Goals include: What schools need to know to address gender-based bullying/discrimination; California policies addressing bullying; and recommendations for dealing with ...

Website Icon Brief on Suicide and Bullying
This Issue Brief, from the Suicide Prevention Resource Center, examines the relationship between suicide and bullying among children and adolescents, with special attention to LGBTQ youth. The document explores strategies and action steps for ...

Website Icon Bullying in Schools: An Overview
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency (OJJDP) produces a Bullying in Schools bulletin series that summarizes findings from OJJDP-funded research on peer victimitization. In this edition, researchers from the National Center for School ...

PDF Icon Bullying Surveillance among Youths
Bullying Surveillance among Youths: Uniform Definitions for Public Health and Recommended Data Elements is designed as a tool to help researchers/evaluators, educators, public health officals and others gather systematic data on bullying to better ...

Website Icon BySTANDer Revolution - Take the Power Out of Bullying
Bystander Revolution differs from many other anti-bullying organizations in that it offers solutions for bystanders and allies, in addition to the targets of bullying. Hundreds of unscripted videos featuring students, celebrities, and leaders ...

PDF Icon California Healthy Students Research Project Brief on Bullying as Barrier to Academic Achievement
Examines the effect of bullying on academic performance across middle school grades. According to the study, bullying can account for up to an average 1.5 letter grade decrease in an academic subject. Topics include: scope of the problem; ...

Website Icon Common Sense Media Curriculum - Administrators, Teachers, Counselors
Go way beyond Internet safety! Turn students into great digital citizens. Get all the tools you need with this FREE Digital Literacy and Citizenship Curriculum and Parent Media Education Program. The relevant, ready-to-use instruction helps you ...

Website Icon Cyberbullying Research Center - www.cyberbullying.us
The Cyberbullying Research Center provides up-to-date information about the nature, extent, causes, and consequences of cyberbullying among adolescents. The site features publications, research, presentations, multimedia, resources and more.

PDF Icon Findings from the NEA's Nationwide Study of Bullying
This study of staff members' perceptions of bullying from the National Education Association represents the first large-scale nationwide study examining different staff members' perspectives on bullying and bullying prevention efforts. It is the ...

PDF Icon Four Decades of Research on School Bullying: An Introduction
An overview of findings from the past 40 years of research on bullying among school-aged children and youth. Research on definitional and assessment issues in studying bullying and victimization is reviewed, and data on prevalence rates, ...

Website Icon Institute of Education Science - National Center for Education Evaluation
This study tested 51 characteristics of bullying victimization, bullying victims, and bullying victims schools to determine which were associated with reporting to school officials. It found that 11characteristics in two categoriesbullying ...

PDF Icon Issues & Answers: What characteristics of bullying, bullying victims, and schools are associated with increased reporting of bullying to officials?
This study tested 51 characteristics of bullying victimization, bullying victims, and bullying victims schools to determine which were associated with reporting to school officials. It found that 11characteristics in two categoriesbullying ...

Website Icon Kidsdata.org
Serving as a gateway to comprehensive data about the health and well being of children across California, this website makes it easy to monitor trends and pinpoint disparities. Users can easily find shareable data from more than 35 trusted public ...

Website Icon More Than Just Mean Girls: A Series on Relational Aggression
Produced by the University of Minnesota, Extension - These Lessons from the Field include a series of three video conferences addressing the issue of relational aggression. Topics include: What is Relational Aggression and How Is It a ...

Website Icon Olweus Bullying Prevention Program
The Olweus Bullying Prevention Program (OBPP) is a school-wide program designed to improve peer relations to prevent and/or reduce bullying in the elementary and junior high school setting. OBPP has also been adapted successfully for high school ...

Website Icon Preventing Bullying Through Science, Policy and Practice 2016 - NEW!
Bullying behavior is a major public health problem demanding the concerted and coordinated time and attention of parents, educators/administrators, health care providers, policymakers, and others concerned with the care of children. Preventing ...

Website Icon Steps to Respect: Bullying Prevention for Elementary School
Bullying prevention program for 3rd-6th grade. Training encompasses all staff, including a family overview session. Staff assess current practices and implement strategies to increase awareness and responsiveness, help students victimized by ...

PDF Icon Understanding the Psychology of Bullying
With growing recognition that bullying is a complex phenomenon, influenced by multiple factors, research findings to date have been understood within a social-ecological framework. Recognizing the fluid and dynamic nature of involvement in ...

PDF Icon USDE - Analysis of State Bullying Laws and Policies
Bullying in schools has become widely viewed as an urgent social, health and education concern that moved to the forefront of public debate on school legislation and policy. In August 2010, the U.S. Departments of Education and Health and ...

Website Icon Active Parenting Now
This video-based education program focuses on parenting skills for parents of children 2 - 12 years old. The six 2-hour sessions teach parents proactive strategies to raise child confidence, create a healthy parent/child relationships and how to ...

Website Icon American Educational Research Association - Research File: Bullying Prevention & School Safety
School safety, including the prevention of bullying, is a top national priority and a key area of academic research. In recent years, AERA and its journals have examined many aspects of bullying and school safety. This compendium of articles ...

PDF Icon Bias-Related Harassment among California Students
A factsheet using CHKS data to analyze the prevalence of harassment in California Schools, and correlate that harassment with a variety of other behaviors. Results indicate that in addition to the negative physical and mental effects of harassment ...

Website Icon Building Skills
Building Skills is a 12-lesson, classroom-based social development curriculum specifically created for use with high-risk students in the 5th grade. The curriculum focuses on high risk students and their ability to deal appropriately with negative ...

Website Icon Bully-Proofing Your School - BPYS
BPYS is a nationally recognized comprehensive school safety program. Designed for handling bully/victim problems through the creation of a caring majority of students trained to take the lead in establishing and maintaining a safe and caring ...

Website Icon Bullying and Cyberbullying Laws Across America
A brief review of State bullying and cyberbullying laws and policies compiled by Sameer Hinduja, Ph.D. and Jason Patchin, Ph.D. of the Cyberbullying Research Center. The document summarizes the current state of cyberbullying bills and laws across ...

PDF Icon Bullying Explains Only Part of LGBTQ-Heterosexual Risk Disparities: Implications for Policy and Practice
Students who identify as LGBTQ experience higher rates of victimization by bullying than do their heterosexual-identified peers. The article investigates the extent to which this difference in rates of victimization can explain LGBTQ youths ...

Website Icon Bullying Hurts
Bullying can be physical, verbal, or psychological. In this 16-minute video presentation, Christine Laehle explains bullying and teasing, types of bullying, characteristics and warning signs of a target and a bully, and bystander effect. Laehle ...

PDF Icon Bullying, Cyberbullying and Sexual Orientation
Bullying that specifically targets youth and young adults based on their sexual orientation has gained significant attention in recent months. Researchers, Hinduja and Patchin present this fact sheet that summarizes their findings.

Website Icon California Department of Education School Safety Resources
The California Department of Education's Safe Schools web page offers a list of available training opportunities, resources and technical assistance to help establish school/community environments that are physically and emotionally safe, well ...

Website Icon California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare
This site provides information related to selected child welfare programs. Programs featured on the site are being used in California to promote child and family well-being. Resources are listed by topic areas including behavior management, parent ...

Website Icon California Healthy Kids Survey
A California statewide survey of resiliency, protective factors and risk behaviors of students in grades 5, 7, 9 and 11. The survey features three main domains: Physical Health, Safety and Social Emotional Health. Data is collected for each domain ...

Website Icon Care, Assess, Respond, Empower - CARE
CARE (Care, Assess, Respond, Empower) is a computer-assisted suicide assessment interview, Measure of Adolescent Potential for Suicide (MAPS), followed by a 2-hour motivational counseling and social support intervention. Counseling is conducted by a ...

Website Icon Caring School Community (CSC)
A key feature of this universal K-6 school climate program is the school-wide implementation of the model. CSC focuses on strengthening students’ connectedness to school thereby increasing academic motivation and achievement and reducing drug use, ...

Website Icon Center for Safe Schools
A statewide clearinghouse for educators, law enforcement, parents and others on school safety and youth violence prevention. Located in Pennsylvania, it is one of 20 Statewide School Safety Centers in the nation. CSC offerings include professional ...

Website Icon Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV)
Housed at the University of Colorado Boulder, the CSPV disseminates information/resources, offers technical assistance and conducts research related to understanding and preventing violence, particularly adolescent violence. The website provides a ...

Website Icon Classroom Prevention Program
A first-grade program that combines a classroom management strategy called The Good Behavior Game with an enhanced academic curriculum in language arts and math. A Critique of the Week component addresses topics related to healthy lifestyles. ...

PDF Icon Common Sense Reasoning for Detection, Prevention, and Mitigation of Cyberbullying
This research article offers new insight into the problem of cyberbullying and current efforts for its prevention. Cyberbullying (harassment on social networks) is widely recognized as a serious social problem, especially for adolescents. While ...

Website Icon Community Action Planning: "Building Prevention and Response Training Module"
These Bullying Prevention Training Module materials are designed to support community and school efforts in the presentation of research-based resources that can help lead bullying prevention efforts. Slides help present the latest information and ...

Website Icon Community Matters
The programs and services of Community Matters include components of the Whole School Climate Framework. They are modular, providing the flexibility to address a school's specific culture, needs and goals: Cyberbullying Solutions Safe School ...

Website Icon Creating A Peaceful School Learning Environment - CAPSLE
The CAPSLE program works to develop mentalizing skills in students and staff across the wider school community, beginning with bystanders perceiving and accepting their own (unthinking) role in maintaining the bully-victim relationship through ...

PDF Icon Creating a Safe and Respectful Environment on Our Nation's School Buses
See Something. Do Something is a toolkit specifically designed for training transportation department personnel. The 2-part series includes modules that complement and complete each other. Module 1, Intervening in Bullying Behavior addresses how ...

Website Icon Direct From the Field: A Guide to Bullying Prevention
Developed as a joint project of three state agencies in Massachusetts, Direct from the Field was designed to assist educators in creating a bullying prevention program to meet the unique needs of their respective communities. The Guide includes ...

Website Icon Educators for Social Responsibility - ESR
ESR works directly with educators to implement systemic practices that create safe, caring, and equitable schools so that all young people succeed in school and life, and help shape a safe school. The website includes information on professional ...

Website Icon Electronic Media, Violence, and Adolescents: An Emerging Public Health Problem
Young people are using media technology and the Internet to communicate with others throughout the world. Social networking sites like Facebook have allowed youth to easily develop relationships, some with people they have never met in person. In ...

Website Icon Embrace Civility in the Digital Age
A website addressing youth well-being and risk in the digital age in a manner that promotes positive norms, increases effective skills and resiliency, and encourages young people to be helpful allies who positively intervene when they witness peers ...

Website Icon Eyes on Bullying Toolkit
Issues surrounding bullying can often be complex. Knowing how and when to intervene requires effective strategies and practics. Eyes on Bullying, a downloadable toolkit features specific insights, strategies, activities and resources to address ...

Website Icon Families and Schools Together (FAST)
FAST is a multifamily group intervention designed to build relationships between families, schools and communities to increase well-being among preschool through high school students. The goals of FAST are to improve family functioning, prevent ...

Website Icon Fix School Discipline
Produced by the Public Counsel of California, this website contains a toolkit to support and guide schools in addressing discipline and creating positive climates for student learning and wellness. Numerous resources are listed and specific ...

Website Icon Gateway Drugs: How Does Addiction Start? Implications for Bullying Behavior
This article provides a comprehensive overview of the concept of gateway drugs put together by the drug abuse and treatment experts at Foundations Recovery Network. With over 23 research citations and visual aids, the guide is both comprehensive ...

Website Icon Girls Circle and The Council for Boys and Young Men
One Circle Foundation offers three models Girls Circle, The Council for Boys and Young Men, and Womens Circle. The programs employ evidence-based principles of a strengths-based approach, motivational interviewing strategies and a strong focus on ...

Website Icon GSA Network - California Research on Harassment/Discrimination of LGBT Youth
The Gay-Straight Alliance Network (GSA) has parterned with the California Safe Schools Coalition and Dr. Stephen Russell to help conduct, analyze, and publish a number of the research briefs and reports found on their website. There are a number ...

PDF Icon Hamilton Fish Institute: The 411 on Bullying
The Hamilton Fish Institute compiled this comprehensive research-based document on the topic of bullying. Starting with the basic 4-1-1 that includes a definition, normal conflict vs. bullying behaviors, common examples and types of bullies and ...

PDF Icon Indicators of School Crime and Safety - 2010
Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2010 provides the most recent national indicators on school crime and safety. The information presented in this report is intended to serve as a reference for policymakers and practitioners so that they can ...

Website Icon KiVa Antibullying Program
A school-wide intervention that addresses individual-, classroom-, and school-level factors. Manuals and curricula are developmentally targeted, for grades OneThree, FourSix, and SevenNine. Materials are available to provide information and advice ...

Website Icon Lions Quest Skills for Adolescence
A comprehensive life skills program designed for schoolwide and classroom implementation for grades 6-8 (ages 10-14). The program employs a variety of instructional strategies, including inquiry, discussion and group work. Eighty 45-minute ...

Website Icon Love Is Not Abuse
This curriculum deals with sensitive issues related to dating abuse. During their teenage years, when they are no longer children, but not yet adults many young people begin to form their first romantic relationships. Dating violence/abuse is ...

Website Icon National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)
The National Child Traumatic Stress Network was established to improve access to care, treatment, and services for traumatized children and adolescents exposed to traumatic events. NCTSNs collaboration of frontline providers, researchers, and ...

Website Icon National School Climate Center (NSCC)
A safe and supportive school environment nurtures social, ethical, and academic growth. NSCC focuses on promoting a healthy learning climate by providing a variety of resources, programs, and best practices related to bullying prevention and ...

Website Icon Not The Target
Not the Target provides individual counseling services and anti-bullying programs for schools, students, parents and therapists. The website offers information on bullying and cyberbullying prevention training, resources and more. ...

Website Icon One Circle Foundation
The One Circle Foundation assists communities and agencies in recognizing and reporting abuse and neglect; development of school based support systems for mandated reporters and creating public service announcements. The organization is dedicated ...

Website Icon Positive Behavioral Interventions & Supports (PBIS)
Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a framework for achieving improved academic and behavioral outcomes for all students. It guides intervention at the school and district level by a structure to support the adults and students ...

Website Icon Project Cornerstone
A YMCA of Silicon Valley initiative offering programs for students, teachers/staff and parents/caregivers to prevent bullying and promote a positive school climate/culture. Student workshops address consequences of bullying and how to identify and ...

Website Icon Que Es El Acoso - StopBullying.gov Espanol Website
Like the English language version, the new site provides parents, teachers and community leaders with resources they need to prevent bullying. Explore the new site for research and best practices on cyberbullying, prevention and response. You will ...

Website Icon Ripple Effects Whole Spectrum Intervention System
A computer-based program for students that has 140 topics for 6-12 year olds and 390 topics for 13-17 year olds. Topics can be customized for the individual student and address social-emotional competencies such as assertiveness, decision-making, ...

Website Icon Roots of Empathy (ROE) - Anti-Bullying Program
Roots of Empathy (ROE) is an evidence-based classroom program with significant effect in reducing levels of aggression among school children while raising social/emotional competence and increasing empathy. This anti-bullying program starts as ...

Website Icon Safe School Ambassadors Program
The Safe School Ambassadors (SSA) program is an "inside-out" approach to improving school climate, that relies on social norms change and the power of students to help stop bullying and violence. Student bystanders are a critical and under-utilized ...

Website Icon Say It Straight
Say It Straight (SIS) is a research-based program to help students in grades 3-12 learn skills to communicate and behave in ways that empower them to reduce risky behaviors such as bullying, drug/alcohol/tobacco use, violence and eating ...

Website Icon Striving To Reduce Youth Violence Everywhere - STRYVE
STRYVE is a national initiative led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to prevent youth violence before it starts among young people ages 10 to 24. STRYVEs vision supports the notion of safe and healthy youth who can achieve ...

Website Icon Suicide Is Preventable
Know the warning signs for suicide and how to have a direct conversation with someone who may be in crisis. But don't keep this important information to yourself. Help educate others by sharing this website with friends, family and loved ones ...

PDF Icon The Effects of Adolescent Health-Related Behaviors on Academic Performance
An investigation of longitudinal literature on the effects of the most predominant health-related behaviors including alcohol/marijuana use and bullying on adolescent academic performance. Thirty studies dating back to 1992 were retrieved from the ...

Website Icon The Fourth R - Strategies for Healthy Youth Relationships
Skills for Youth Relationships is a curriculum for students in 8th and 9th grades designed to promote healthy and safe behaviors related to dating, bullying, sexuality and substance use. Based on social learning theory and grounded in stages of ...

Website Icon The National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments
Schools and communities across the U.S. are contending with many factors that affect conditions for learning, such as bullying, harassment, violence and substance abuse. The National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments (NCSSLE) is ...

Website Icon Too Good for Violence
Too Good for Violence K-12 is a universal, violence prevention and character education program that teaches character-based skills, attitudes, and behaviors to help students: differentiate between feelings and actions, encourage respect between ...

Website Icon UCLA Center for Mental Health in Schools
The UCLA Center for Mental Health in Schools offers a number of resources and tools as well as a program clearinghouse and publications to support schools in creating environments for social emotional wellness and academic success. They also have ...

Website Icon UCLA School Mental Health Project
The UCLA Center for Mental Health in Schools offers a number of resources and tools as well as a program clearinghouse and publications to support schools in creating environments for social emotional wellness and academic success. Use the website's ...

PDF Icon Understanding and Intervening in Bullying Behavior
This training toolkit (produced by USDEs Safe Supportive Schools Technical Assistance Center) is comprised of two modules addressing bullying in classrooms. The 2-part series include: Module 1: Understanding and Intervening in Bullying Behavior, ...

PDF Icon What, me worry? Students, Stress and Learning
Stress is a physiological response (including bullying) to a perception of a lack of control. The research presented addresses how children and teens react to stress, symptoms of stress, and how young people perceive stress differently from adults. ...

PDF Icon Youth Suicide and Self-Harm Prevention: 2017 Resource Guide
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for U.S. children and youth ages 10 through 24. This guide divides selected resources into seven main sections including evidence-based practices and program planning. There are several notable ...

Website Icon Youth Suicide Prevention and Student Mental Wellness Series Online Courses
Developed with support from the California Mental Health Services Authority (CalMHSA) for the Region 11 K-12 Student Mental Health Initiative, these no-cost course modules are designed for teachers, administrators, nurses, and district and school ...